Skin redness, also known as erythema, is a skin condition that many of us experience from time to time. Red cheeks are often seen as a sign of health. However, redness can develop in a way you will not be happy about.
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What types of redness are there?
Different types of redness are distinguished. The most common forms are;
- Couperose, a common, benign skin condition characterized by red/purple blood vessels on the face, neck and décolleté. It mainly occurs on the cheeks and nose. These vessels are disfiguring from a cosmetic point of view and no longer functional.
- Rosacea, a chronic skin condition more commonly found in light-skinned people. The condition is characterized by facial redness, especially on the cheeks and nose, but the spots can also appear all over the face. In addition to this blotchy redness, small blood vessels and pimples may be visible.
- Spider naevus consists of a central, red elevation (the “head of the spider”) usually the size of a pinhead. From this centre a number of blood vessels, fine red lines like spider legs, radiate. Redness can be pressed down by pressing on the area and after releasing pressure the veins will refill with blood. These fine blood vessels are mainly found on the face and neck, back of the hand and under the arms.
- A birthmark (naevus flammeus) is a congenital vascular abnormality that often occurs on the face but can also occur on the body. There is no single factor that is known to cause birthmarks, this disorder cannot be inherited. Unfortunately, a birthmark will not disappear spontaneously.
How does redness occur?
Redness occurs when superficial vessels in the skin weaken and therefore dilate. This causes the red colour of the skin. Other factors that cause redness are:
- Genetic predisposition. If the skin problem runs in the family, the chances of developing redness will be higher.
- Demodex mite, a type of parasite that lives on humans. Large numbers of these mites can stimulate rosacea inflammatory.
- Sun, temperature changes, stress and alcohol have one thing in common: they make our blood flow faster which affects skin redness.
- Food, especially spicy dishes, will not be recommended if the skin is prone to redness.
- Medicines can also affect the appearance of visible veins or redness of the skin.